Mechanical filtration is most often provided by a skimmer. The suction from the pump pulls debris such as organic waste from plants and trees into a basket or net so that this debris can be removed. Removal of this debris is a crucial and very important first step in the importance of a Pond Filter.

Second is Biofiltration which consists of a Biofilter.  This is where the magic happens in the conversion of Ammonia to Nitrites and finally to Nitrates completing the very important nitrogen cycle your pond needs to keep fish and wildlife healthy.

An added bonus to an ecosystem pond is that the pond construction alone will also aid in biofiltration.

Do Not Overfeed Your Fish

When you overfeed your fish, they release more waste. Additionally, the uneaten food rots, releasing nitrates, ammonia, nitrites, and other undesirable substances that can negatively impact the health of your fish and plants. These unwanted substances can also promote the growth of algal blooms.

To steer clear of these problems, avoid overfeeding your fish. If possible, feed them foods devoid of phosphate.

Use the Right Plants

To keep your pond water clean, add submerged plants that work as natural filters, and release oxygen to your pond. Submerged plants absorb fish waste and also help remove toxic substances from the pond water.

Typical examples include parrot’s feather, Anacharis, and hornwort. Use floating big leaf plants such as lotus and lilies that help control the growth of algae. Your pond contractor near you will help you select the best plants for your pond.

Ponds Do Require Periodic Maintenance

All ponds need regular maintenance.Remove uneaten food, algae, rotting plants, and other debris from your pond regularly.  Skimmer baskets and filters should be checked every 1-2 weeks and Biofilters may need to be cleaned every six months to a year.  A good stirring with a pool net will also help remove settled debris.

Do Not Overstock Your Pond

You do not have to be a rocket scientist to understand that more fish will produce exponentially more waste. The maximum number of fish you can have in your pond will depend on different factors, such as the volume and quality of the water, the size and species of fish, and the climate.

The rule of thumb for Koi suggests that you should not keep more than 1 inch of fish per 10 gallons of water with average filtration.

Sweetwater Landscape is a leading landscape design and installation company. We live to create inspiring landscapes. We leverage our expertise and experience to transform our clients’ landscaping dreams into backyard realities. To consult an expert from our team, call us at 707-887-0140.